|Abstract: ||An apparatus for making in-situ electrical measurements of a sample while
the sample is subjected to a temperature gradient between a first side of
the sample and a second side of the sample. The apparatus comprises a
first heater and a second heater that are positioned in contact with the
first side of the sample and the second side of the sample, respectively.
The first heater and the second heater comprise respective faces that
each have electrical contacts embedded therein. Electrical measurements
pertaining to the sample can be made by way of the electrical contacts
embedded in the faces. A temperature at either side of the sample can be
monitored by way of thermocouples positioned inside the heaters in
proximity to the faces of the heaters.