|Devices and methods for thermally lysing of biological material, for
example vegetative bacterial cells and bacterial spores, are provided.
Hot solution methods for solubilizing bacterial spores are described.
Systems for direct analysis are disclosed including thermal lysers
coupled to sample preparation stations. Integrated systems capable of
performing sample lysis, labeling and protein fingerprint analysis of
biological material, for example, vegetative bacterial cells, bacterial
spores and viruses are provided.