Licensing Opportunity Contact Form
Submission of this form should not be interpreted as an offer to license technology. All licenses are subject to negotiation and availablility of the intellectual property for licensing. This form is intended for indications of interest only.

Search/Browse Tech

Plasma Micronozzle Adapter


A micronozzle adapter capable of printing line widths and thicknesses 10x finer than existing 3D plasma jet printers


Heightened interest in next-generation printable and flexible electronics is accelerating research and development in rapid and highly repeatable additive manufacturing (AM) processes and capabilities. Plasma jet printing, which converts a desired print material

into a low temperature plasma for deposition, is well positioned for electronics manufacturing due to its ability to print a wide range of materials onto diverse surface materials from a single platform. However, a key limitation of existing plasma jet printers is their large minimum printed line widths (150-200 microns), which makes achieving the small spot sizes and high print resolutions needed for advanced electronics more difficult. Advancements are needed in plasma jet printing to attain finer line geometries.

Sandia researchers have developed a micronozzle adapter capable of printing line widths and thicknesses 10x finer than existing 3D plasma jet printers. This MEMS-based printhead adapter consists of silicon-on-insulator (SOI) wafer technology and was developed using additive manufacturing and microfabrication techniques. The adapter uses lensing electrodes to focus the plasma beam and control the deposition spot size. With its ability to print fine-resolution metallic inks as well as carbon, ceramic, and plastics, Sandia’s plasma micronozzle adapter enables the printing of smaller and finer electronic features, such as high-density chip copper interconnects, integrated circuit (IC) packages, and integrated conductors.


  • MEMS-based print-head adapter
  • Compatible with existing commercial 3D plasma jet printers
  • Prints 10x finer line widths (10-15 microns) than existing technologies
  • Prints a wide range of materials, including carbon, metals, polymers, and ceramics
  • Single platform offers simplified operations and extended run times for commercial applications

Applications and Industries

  • Advanced manufacturing
  • Aircraft/aerospace
  • Semiconductor manufacturing
  • Computing
  • Electronics
  • Grid/utility
  • Medical devices
  • Microelectronics
Technology IDSD #14959.1Development StageProposed - TRL 2: Technology concept and/or application formulatedAvailabilityAvailablePublished08/04/2021Last Updated08/04/2021