Situ formation of apatite for sequestering radionuclides and heavy metals

United States Patent

July 15, 2003
View the Complete Patent at the US Patent & Trademark Office
Hydroxyapatite Barriers for Radionuclide Containment
Methods for in situ formation in soil of a permeable reactive barrier or zone comprising a phosphate precipitate, such as apatite or hydroxyapatite, which is capable of selectively trapping and removing radionuclides and heavy metal contaminants from the soil, while allowing water or other compounds to pass through. A preparation of a phosphate reagent and a chelated calcium reagent is mixed aboveground and injected into the soil. Subsequently, the chelated calcium reagent biodegrades and slowly releases free calcium. The free calcium reacts with the phosphate reagent to form a phosphate precipitate. Under the proper chemical conditions, apatite or hydroxyapatite can form. Radionuclide and heavy metal contaminants, including lead, strontium, lanthanides, and uranium are then selectively sequestered by sorbing them onto the phosphate precipitate. A reducing agent can be added for reduction and selective sequestration of technetium or selenium contaminants.
Moore; Robert C. (Edgewood, NM)
Sandia Corporation (Albuquerque, NM)
October 25, 2001
405/129.25 ; 405/128.75; 435/262.5; 588/250;
B09B 1/00 (20060101); B09C 1/08 (20060101); B09C 1/00 (20060101); E02D 003/12 (); B09B 001/00 ();
588/17,250 405/128.1,128.15,128.45,128.5,128.7,128.8,129.27,128.75,129.1,129.25,129.45 435/262.5
GOVERNMENT RIGHTS The Government has rights to this invention pursuant to Contract No. DE-AC04-94AL85000 awarded by the U.S. Department of Energy.